Mitochondrial Haplogroup D

Mitochondrial haplogroup D is likely to have evolved in Asia around 48,000 years ago. Because of its old age, the haplogroup has a wide geographical distribution, being present in found across Eurasia and among Indigenous American. It is particularly dominant in East Asia, accounting for around 20% of the entire mitochondrial gene pool there. Radiating out from this region, it is present in over 20% of the North Asian population down to around 17% in Southeast Asia.

 

Subclades

D

  • D4
    • D1: found in Indigenous Americans (including populations in USA, Mexico, Brazil, Colombia, Guyana, Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia)
      • D1a
        • D1a1
        • D1a2
      • D1b
      • D1c
      • D1d
        • D1d1
        • D1d2
      • D1e
      • D1f
        • D1f1
        • D1f2
        • D1f3
      • D1g
        • D1g1
          • D1g1a
          • D1g1b
        • D1g2
          • D1g2a
        • D1g3
        • D1g4
        • D1g5
        • D1g6
      • D1h
        • D1h1
        • D1h2
      • D1i
        • D1i1
        • D1i2
      • D1j
        • D1j1
          • D1j1a
            • D1j1a1
            • D1j1a2
      • D1k
      • D1m
      • D1n
    • D4a: found in China, Mongolia, Japan, Myanmar
      • D4a1
        • D4a1a
          • D4a1a1
            • D4a1a1a
        • D4a1b
          • D4a1b1
        • D4a1c
        • D4a1d
        • D4a1e
        • D4a1f
          • D4a1f1
        • D4a1g
        • D4a1h
      • D4a2
        • D4a2a
        • D4a2b
      • D4a3
        • D4a3a
        • D4a3b
          • D4a3b1
          • D4a3b2
      • D4a4
      • D4a5
    • D4b: found in Japan, China, far east Russia, Siberia, Mongolia
      • D4b1
        • D4b1a
        • D4b1b
          • D4b1b1
            • D4b1b1a
              • D4b1b1a1
          • D4b1b2
        • D4b1c
          • D3: found in Russia, Siberia
        • D4b1d
      • D4b2
        • D4b2a
          • D4b2a1
          • D4b2a2
            • D4b2a2a
              • D4b2a2a1
              • D4b2a2a2
            • D4b2a2b
        • D4b2b
          • D4b2b1
            • D4b2b1a
            • D4b2b1b
            • D4b2b1c
            • D4b2b1d
          • D4b2b2
            • D4b2b2a
              • D4b2b2a1
            • D4b2b2b
            • D4b2b2c
          • D4b2b3
          • D4b2b4
          • D4b2b5
          • D4b2b6
          • D4b2b7
        • D4b2d
    • D4c: found in Japan, far east Russia, Siberia,
      • D4c1
        • D4c1a
          • D4c1a1
        • D4c1b
          • D4c1b1
          • D4c1b2
      • D4c2
        • D4c2a
        • D4c2b
        • D4c2c
    • D4d: found in Japan
    • D4e: found in China, Japan, India, Mexico, Siberia, far east Russia,
      • D4e1
        • D4e1a
          • D4e1a1
          • D4e1a2
            • D4e1a2a
          • D4e1a3
        • D4e1c
        • D2: found in the Aleutian Islands, Greenland, Siberia, Mongolia, far east Russia (Bering Strait region)
          • D2a
            • D2a1
              • D2a1a
              • D2a1b
            • D2a2
          • D2b
            • D2b1
              • D2b1a
            • D2b2
          • D2c
      • D4e2
        • D4e2a
        • D4e2b
        • D4e2c
        • D4e2d
      • D4e4
        • D4e4a
          • D4e4a1
        • D4e4b
      • D4e5
        • D4e5a
        • D4e5b
    • D4f: found in Russia, Japan
      • D4f1
    • D4g: found in Japan, China, Mongolia, Siberia, India
      • D4g1
        • D4g1a
        • D4g1b
        • D4g1c
      • D4g2
        • D4g2a
          • D4g2a1
            • D4g2a1a
            • D4g2a1b
            • D4g2a1c
        • D4g2b
          • D4g2b1
            • D4g2b1a
    • D4h: found in Japan, China, Mongolia, Siberia
      • D4h1
        • D4h1a
          • D4h1a1
          • D4h1a2
        • D4h1b
        • D4h1c
          • D4h1c1
        • D4h1d
      • D4h2
      • D4h3
        • D4h3a: found in Brazil, Venezuela, Chile, Peru, Mexico, ancient NW coast America
          • D4h3a1
            • D4h3a1a
              • D4h3a1a1
              • D4h3a1a2
          • D4h3a2
          • D4h3a3
            • D4h3a3a
          • D4h3a4
          • D4h3a5
          • D4h3a6
          • D4h3a7
          • D4h3a8
          • D4h3a9
        • D4h3b:found in China
      • D4h4
        • D4h4a
    • D4i: found in Nepal, Japan, Siberia, Kazakhstan
      • D4i1
      • D4i2
    • D4j: found in India, Tibet, Siberia, Lithuania, far east Russia, Japan, China
      • D4j1
        • D4j1a
          • D4j1a1
            • D4j1a1a
            • D4j1a1b
          • D4j1a2
        • D4j1b
          • D4j1b2
      • D4j2
        • D4j2a
      • D4j3
        • D4j3a
          • D4j3a1
      • D4j4
        • D4j4a
      • D4j5
      • D4j6
      • D4j7
        • D4j7a
      • D4j8
      • D4j9
      • D4j10
      • D4j11
      • D4j12
      • D4j13
      • D4j14
      • D4j15
      • D4j16
    • D4k: found in China, Japan
    • D4l: found in Mongolia, Siberia, Japan, China
      • D4l1
        • D4l1a
      • D4l2
        • D4l2a
        • D4l2b
    • D4m: Found in Japan, Siberia, Mongolia
      • D4m1
      • D4m2
    • D4n: found in Japan, China, Mongolia
      • D4n1
        • D4n1a
      • D4n2
    • D4o: found in Siberia, Mongolia, far east Russia, China, Japan
      • D4o1
        • D4o1a
      • D4o2
        • D4o2a
          • D4o2a1
    • D4p: found in Siberia, Japan, China
      • D4p1
    • D4q: found in India
      • D4q1
        • D4q1a
    • D4s: found in China, Mongolia
    • D4t: found in China, Japan
  • D5
    • D5a: found in Japan, China, Siberia, Russia, Poland, Sherpa, India
      • D5a1
        • D5a1a
          • D5a1a1
          • D5a1a2
      • D5a2
        • D5a2a
          • D5a2a1
            • D5a2a1a
              • D5a2a1a1
                • D5a2a1a1a
              • D5a2a1a2
            • D5a2a1b
          • D5a2a2
        • D5a2b
      • D5a3
        • D5a3a
          • D5a3a1
            • D5a3a1a
    • D5b: found in China, Japan, Philippines
      • D5b1
        • D5b1a
          • D5b1a1
        • D5b1b
          • D5b1b1
        • D5b1c
          • D5b1c1
            • D5b1c1a
        • D5b1d
      • D5b2
    • D5c: found in Japan, China, Mongolia, Siberia
      • D5c1
        • D5c1a
      • D5c2
  • D6: found in Japan, China, Philippines
    • D6a
      • D6a1
        • D6a1a
      • D6a2
    • D6c
      • D6c1
        • D6c1a

 

Links

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_D_%28mtDNA%29