Mitochondrial Haplogroup C

Mitochondrial haplogroup C

Mitochondrial haplogroup C originates in Eurasia, somewhere between the Caspian Sea and Lake Baikal and is thought to be approximately 60,000 years old. It is most common in populations in Siberia and/ or who are derived from Siberia or other Northeast Asian populations. It is one of the 5 main haplotypes that was taken into the Americas some 16,000 years ago. Sub-group C1a is only found in Asia - primarily in Northeastern Asia, but also at low frequency in Central and Southern Asia while sub-groups C1b, C1c, C1d and C4c are only found in Native American populations (both North and South America – though slightly more common in South American indigenous populations) or those of Native American descent. Haplogroup C1e is a very rare European type found in Iceland. Several subgroups have been identified including:

  • CZ
    • C
      • C1
        • C1a
        • C1b
          • C1b1
          • C1b2
            • C1b2a
          • C1b3
          • C1b4
          • C1b5
        • C1c
          • C1c1
          • C1c2
        • C1d
        • C1e
      • C4
        • C4a
          • C4a1
            • C4a1a
          • C4a2
        • C4b
          • C4b1
            • C4b1a
          • C4b2
        • C4c
      • C5
        • C5a
      • C7

Further reading:

http://dienekes.blogspot.co.nz/2010/12/post-glacial-expansions-of-mtdna.html