Mitochondrial Haplogroup N

Mitochondrial haplogroup M is a huge haplogroup, encompassing many sublineages. All mitochondrial haplogroups considered native outside of Africa are descendants either of the M or N macro-haplogroups. Due to the low frequency of N lineages in Sub-Saharan Africa, and its ubiquity throughout Eurasia, the Americas and the Pacific, it is likely to have evolved in Western Eurasia.

 

Subclades

  • N1: generally found in West Eurasia
    • N1a
      • N1a1
        • N1a1a: found in Yemen, the Caucasus, the Czech Republic, Russia, Siberia, Somalia, Ethiopia
          • N1a1a1
            • N1a1a1a
              • N1a1a1a1
                • N1a1a1a1a
              • N1a1a1a2
              • N1a1a1a3
            • N1a1a1b
          • N1a1a2
          • N1a1a3
        • N1a1b: found in the Middle East, including Iraq
          • N1a1b1
          • I
      • N1a2: found in South Asia
      • N1a3: found in West Eurasia, including Iran, Kuwait, Belarus, Romania, Russia
        • N1a3a
          • N1a3a1
          • N1a3a2
          • N1a3a3
    • N1b: found in West Eurasia, including Russia, Armenia, Tunisia, Turkey, Somalia, Dubai, Ashkenazi Jews
      • N1b1
        • N1b1a
          • N1b1a1
          • N1b1a2
            • N1b1a2a
            • N1b1a2b
          • N1b1a3
          • N1b1a4
          • N1b1a5
          • N1b1a6
          • N1b1a7
        • N1b1b
      • N1b2
  • N2: found in Eastern Europe including Russia and Armenia
    • N2a
    • W
  • N3: found in West Eurasia, including Belarus, Iran,
    • N3a
      • N3a1
    • N3b
  • N4
  • N5: found in India
    • N5a
  • N7: found in Cambodia
    • N7a
      • N7a1
      • N7a2
    • N7b
  • N8: found in East and Southeast Asia, including China and Myanmar
  • N9
    • N9a: found in Central, East and Southeast Asia, including Japan, China, Tibet, Mongolia, Siberia, Philippines, Indonesia, also Russia
      • N9a1
        • N9a1a
      • N9a2
        • N9a2a
          • N9a2a1
          • N9a2a2
          • N9a2a3
        • N9a2c
        • N9a2d
      • N9a3
      • N9a4
        • N9a4a
        • N9a4b
      • N9a5
      • N9a6
        • N9a6a
        • N9a6b
      • N9a7
      • N9a8
      • N9a9
      • N9a10
        • N9a10a
        • N9a10b
    • N9b: found in Japan
      • N9b1
        • N9b1a
        • N9b1b
        • N9b1c
          • M9b1c1
      • N9b2
        • N9b2a
      • N9b3
      • N9b4
    • Y
  • N10: found in East and Southeast Asia
    • N10a
    • N10b
  • N11: found in China, Tibet, Philippines
    • N11a
      • N11a1
    • N11b
  • N12/O: found in Australian aborigines
    • O1
      • O1a
  • N13: found in Australian aborigines
  • N14: found in Australian aborigines
  • N21: found in Southeast Asia, including Thailand, Vietnam
    • N21a
  • N22: found in island Southeast Asia, including the Philippines and Malaysia
    • N22a
  • A
  • S
  • X
  • R

 

Links

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_N_%28mtDNA%29