Mitochondrial Haplogroup K

Mitochondrial haplogroup K originated in West Asia as a subclade of the U8 haplogroup sometime between 18,000 and 38,000 years ago. While haplogroup K is common among Northwestern Europeans in modern populations, it seems to have been absent from Europe prior to the Neolithic, and diffused into the region with early farmers and herders. These Neolithic farmers and herders are also likely to be responsible for the expansion of the haplogroup into the Caucasus and Central Asia.

 

Subclades

  • K1
    • K1a
      • K1a1 : found in central and south-eastern Europe
        • K1a1a : found in central, northern and western Europe, Central Asia
        • K1a1b
          • K1a1b1 : found in western Europe
            • K1a1b1a : major Ashkenazi Jewish subclade
            • K1a1b1b : found in Scandinavia and Britain
            • K1a1b1c : found in north-western Europe
            • K1a1b1d : found in Britain
            • K1a1b1e : found in western Europe
            • K1a1b1f : found in north-western Europe
            • K1a1b1g : found in Greece
          • K1a1b2
            • K1a1b2a : found in north-western Europe
            • K1a1b2b : found in Britain
        • K1a1c : found in north-western Europe
      • K1a2: found in northern Europe and Iran (Qashqai)
        • K1a2a : found in north-western Europe
        • K1a2b : found around Germany
        • K1a2c : found in northern Europe
      • K1a3
        • K1a3a : found in Russia, central and western Europe
      • K1a4
        • K1a4a : found in central and south-eastern Europe
          • K1a4a1 : found in western, central, northern and eastern Europe, as well as in Ethiopia (Hamar)
        • K1a4b : found in the Levant (Druzes)
        • K1a4c : found in Iran, Anatolia, Greece, Italy and Britain
        • K1a4d : found around Germany, France and the Low Countries
        • K1a4e
        • K1a4f : found in northern Anatolia
      • K1a5 : found in the Levant
      • K1a6 : found in the Levant (Druzes)
      • K1a7 : found among Ashkenazi Jews
      • K1a8 : found among Ashkenazi Jews
        • K1a8a : found among Ashkenazi Jews
        • K1a8b : found in Tunisia and Iran
      • K1a9 : major Ashkenazi Jewish subclade
      • K1a10
        • K1a10a : found in the British Isles and Scandinavia
      • K1a11 : found in north-western Europe and around Germany
        • K1a11a : found in Germany
        • K1a11b
      • K1a12 : found in Germany and Italy
        • K1a12a : found in the Levant (Jews, Druzes), Turkey and Ethiopia
      • K1a13
        • K1a13a : found in Croatia and Spain
      • K1a14 : found in the Azores
      • K1a15 : found in Scotland and Ireland
      • K1a16 : found in Scotland
      • K1a17 : found in the Near East (Turkey, Levant, Egypt)
        • K1a17a
      • K1a18 : found in the Near East (Levant, Mesopotamia)
      • K1a19 : found in Iran, Italy and Poland
      • K1a20 : found in Turkey and Georgia
      • K1a21 : found in Germany and Italy
      • K1a23 : found in the Levant
      • K1a24 : found in north-western Europe
        • K1a24a : found in Ireland
      • K1a25
      • K1a26 : found in the British Isles
      • K1a27 : found in the Levant
    • K1b
      • K1b1
        • K1b1a : found throughout Europe
        • K1b1b : found in Greece
        • K1b1c : found in central Europe and Iran (Kurds, Qashqai)
      • K1b2
        • K1b2a : found in central and northern Europe
        • K1b2b : found in western continental Europe
    • K1c
      • K1c1
        • K1c1a : found in Italy
        • K1c1b : found in northern Europe
        • K1c1c : found in Finland and European Russia
        • K1c1d : found in Germany
        • K1c1e : found in the Carpathians and Russia
        • K1c1f : found in central Europe
      • K1c2 : found in western and northern Europe and in the Maghreb, Tajikistan
        • K1c2a : found in Ireland
    • K1d : found in northern Europe
    • K1e : found in north-western Europe
    • K1f : found in Ötzi (the Tyrolean Iceman)
  • K2
    • K2a
      • K2a1 : found in Britain
      • K2a2 : major Ashkenazi Jewish subclade
      • K2a3 : found in northern and eastern Europe
      • K2a4 : found in northern Europe
      • K2a5 : found in north-western Europe and Iran (Persians)
      • K2a6 : found in the North Caucasus, central and north-western Europe
      • K2a7 : found in France and Britain
      • K2a8 : found in Spain and the Canaries
      • K2a9
      • K2a10 : found in north-western Europe
    • K2b
      • K2b1 : found in central and northern Europe
      • K2b2 : found in central and northern Europe
    • K2c : found among Ashkenazi Jews
  • K3 : found in Georgia

 

Links

http://www.eupedia.com/europe/Haplogroup_K_mtDNA.shtml

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_K_%28mtDNA%29